The prevalence of obesity has increased manifold in last few years among adults as well as kids. A survey shows that among the adults, the obesity has increased from 15% in the year 1976-1980 to 32.9% in the year 2003-2004. Some of other statistics of adult obesity are-
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that more than one billion adults are overweight and at least 300 million of them are clinically obese.
Levels of obesity range from below five percent in China, Japan, and certain African nations to over 75 percent in urban Samoa.
Only 49 percent of adults in the United States engage in regular physical activity consistent with recommendations
On average, women in 2006 weighed 4.8 kg more than their counterparts in 1986, and men 3.6 kg more.
Short sleep duration predicts an increased risk of being overweight / obese in adults
In 2000, the prevalence of obesity among U.S. adults was 19.8 percent, which reflects a 61 percent increase since 1991. A total of 38.8 million American adults met the classification of obesity, defined as having a body mass index score of 30 or more.
The total figure of obesity represents an estimated 19.6 million men, 19.2 million women, and increases in obesity rates in nearly every subgroup of the U.S. population.
WHO considers adult obesity to be one of the top 10 causes of preventable death worldwide
Being obese is not just a weight problem. Obesity poses serious health risks such as blood pressure, diabetes and heart problems.
Obesity can be referred to the excess body weight as compared to set standards. The body weight can comprise of muscle, bones, fat and water. In case of obesity, there is abnormally high level of body fat.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is one of the most preferred and commonly used methods to determine obesity and overweight in adults. BMI can be calculated by dividing person’s weight in kilograms by square of height in meters.
- BMI 25-29.9—Overweight
- BMI 30 and above- Obese
The only way to manage obesity is healthy diet and regular workout. There is no shortcut. Loosing weight is a long a strenuous procedure and there are no quick fixes. You must make sure that the energy expenditure is more than the energy consumed. Small but consistent intake excess over expenditure will summate to large weight gain over the years. Intake is not the only variable, you can vary the expenditure as well.
There are many types of diets and diet programs available. Also, there are many approaches to the dieting. It is important to remain flexible in terms of your diet to find out which diet works best for you body type and daily routine. Don’t get fixated on the calories consumed. What is important to have balanced, small and frequent meals through out the day instead of starving yourself. In case you are not sure, consult a dietician. They will be able to help you to lay a diet plan that will suit your routine and body type. You biggest challenge then will be to stick to that diet plan and exercise routine.
There are few people who have tried everything possible but are not able to lose weight for various reasons. Obesity becomes a serious health concern. For such people, surgery is often recommended by the physicians. But surgery is an expensive, difficult and a very personal decision. Talk to your physician and few people who have undergone the surgery to make an informed decision.
To fight with obesity, there are few prescription drugs available. These are appetite suppressants. These drugs are available in various forms. They must be used along with other means of losing weight and staying healthy.
Adult Obesity management is a life long process. Most important thing is to change your attitude towards food, exercise and life. Obesity impairs the quality of life and in this case, prevention is better than cure. Make healthy diet and regular exercise a priority in your daily routine. It can prevent serious health risks. And, it is never too late to start. Always consult your physician prior to starting a new exercise routine or diet plan.