Obesity is the heavy accumulation of fat in your body to such a degree that it rapidly increases your risk of diseases that can damage your health and cause diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. The fat may be equally distributed around the body or concentrated on the stomach (apple-shaped) or the hips and thighs (pear-shaped).
Stomach obesity, where weight is concentrated on the tummy, is the most common type of obesity and affects 30 per cent of adult men. Obesity and stomach obesity are rapidly increasing, especially in young people.
Obesity can be hereditary, so some people are at increased risk. Genetic factors can affect appetite, the rate at which you burn energy (metabolic rate) and how the body stores fat.
Obesity develops from:
- irregular meals
- lack of daily physical activity.
This is why obesity has trebled since 1980, when only 6 per cent of men and 8 per cent of women were obese. In this time our lifestyles have changed rapidly, with the ready availability of convenience foods and car journeys replacing walks to work and school.
Apple shaped obese people have what’s called stomach obesity, which is where the main concentration of excess fat is making them look like a round apple. This type of obesity can’t totally be solved by a good diet as the skin has lost most of its elasticity therefore once most of the weight it lost the skin will hang loose and then surgery is needed to remove the excess flab.
Pear shaped obesity is where it’s not the stomach that is affected by obesity it is the hips and thighs, giving your body the shape of a pear. This type of obesity can require liposuction to get rid of obesity the fat under the skin, but a lot of weight has to be lost before a consultant will use a general anesthetic. Putting someone under the knife while morbidly obese is very dangerous and is only ever done in very rare circumstances.
Body needs a certain amount of energy (calories) each day. Excess energy is stored as fat. The more active you are, the more calories your body needs. By eating less than your body needs and exercising more, you force your body to use its existing fat stores for energy. By burning excess fat around the stomach, helps you lose weight and fight obesity.
Doctors will usually only consider medicines for weight-loss if changes to diet and exercise are not effective. You will still need to follow a calorie-controlled diet and start an exercise plan while taking such medications. While these medicines can help you to lose stomach weight, there may be a gradual reversal of any weight loss after you stop treatment. To help avoid this, you will need to continue with changes to your diet and exercise levels.
Medicines for stomach obesity are not yet recommended for young people under the age of 18 because little is known of possible negative effects on puberty and later eating behavior. You can be considered for weight-loss surgery if you are morbidly obese, or if you have a BMI (Body Mass Index) between 35 and 40 and have a risk factor for an obesity-related disease.
While plenty of diets and slimming products claim to offer quick fixes, stomach obesity is not something that can be cured or brought under clinical control within a few weeks or months. Treatment such as diet and exercise may need to continue for years.
Weight-loss plans from a doctor or dietician are an effective way to lose weight, but a greater challenge is to achieve a way of life that maintains weight and reduces the chances of putting it back on.
Obesity is a nationwide and worldwide problem that needs to be sorted out as soon as possible or death rates and medical conditions will soar. Obesity is a genetically passable disease so if one member of your family has obesity then it is in the blood and the only way to prevent it from affecting you is to eat a balanced diet and get regular exercise and enjoy your happy healthy life